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Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo will also join Arab and Muslim countries in a crucial summit in Saudi Arabia.

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Somali News

President Farmaajo’s speech at the high-level security conference on Somalia

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The Villa Somalia

Strategic partnership basis of Turkish-Somali cooperation

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Bilateral ties between Turkey and Somalia will be further cemented, as Ankara is fully committed to do whatever is necessary to establish stability in Somalia, Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım asserted yesterday following a meeting with Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire in Ankara.

“Somalia informed us regarding the steps that will be taken in security, infrastructure matters, which are crucial for Somalia’s future,” Yıldırım said during a press conference held after the two leaders’ meeting in Ankara.

The prime minister added that the two countries should develop a model on the basis of “strategic partnership,” emphasizing the importance of strengthening bilateral relations. “Our aim is to see a self-sufficient Somalia, a country that take its deserved place among the international community. Last February, the new government took power through peaceful elections, which denotes a maturity of democracy in the country,” he said.

Yıldırım also emphasized the need for an environment of “peace and brotherhood” in order to fully establish stability within the country, adding that Turkey is ready to do whatever necessary. “Without a doubt, an international military presence cannot permanently sustain peace. On one hand, Turkey builds up solidarity with Somalia and on the other, it supports social responsibility and humanitarian aid projects with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs),” he said.

Speaking to Anadolu Agency (AA), export on South African affairs Eddy Malok praised Turkey’s involvement in Africa, saying the partnership is based on priorities and ideas from the continent itself, not ones from outside.

“What is good about the Turkey-African partnership is that […] it is based on African priorities and it is not imposed. [The partnership] is based on mutual respect and a win-win situation for both sides,” said Maloka, who has decades of experience both as an academic and as an adviser to South African governments. He also thanked Turkey for promoting investments in Africa, saying: “It is a very good model and we want to encourage other countries in the world to emulate this model.”

He added that like Somalia, countries such as Burundi, Sierra Leone and the Central African Republic also need help. “These are the countries that require a lot of support which I am confident that Turkey is able to provide,” Maloka said.

Turkey’s vast efforts in providing aid at the height of the 2011 famine endeared it to many Somali people, and it has continued to bring aid to the country, much of it from private companies.

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has visited Mogadishu twice and during his first trip there in 2011, he became the first non-African leader to visit the war-ravaged nation in 20 years.

After this meeting, Turkey geared up in the area of development projects, preparing an aid package totaling $500 million dollars at President Erdoğan’s request, in order to carry Somalia to a self-sustained condition.

Since then, Turkey’s state-run Red Crescent and the Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD), as well as other NGOs, have launched a massive aid and development campaign.

The projects included in the scope of the campaign include building schools, hospitals and infrastructure, as well as providing scholarships for Somalis to study in Turkey. Other projects include garbage collection, road construction, waste water reclamation and debris removal, for the rehabilitation of the people of Somalia and reconstruction of the cities.

The Somalian-Turkish Research Hospital, opened in 2015 by President Erdoğan in Mogadishu, was another example of Ankara’s long-term, permanent projects for maintaining stability in the country.

The 230-bed hospital provides training for prospective Somalian healthcare personnel and was built to serve 2 million people living in Mogadishu and towns near the capital, offering services to 6,000 people per monthly average and conducting roughly 100 surgeries.

Rapid growth in trade volume between the two nations has also followed the developments. In 2010, Turkish exports to Somalia totaled just $5.1 million. However, by last year this figure ballooned to $123 million. In the duration of six years, Turkey has gone from Somalia’s 20th-largest source of imports to its fifth-largest.

urkey also opened its biggest overseas military training base in the Somali capital of Mogadishu in September, cementing its ties with the volatile but strategic nation and building a presence in east Africa. The academy was inaugurated by Turkey’s Chief of General Staff Gen. Hulusi Akar and Somali Prime Minister Khaire in a ceremony held at the training facility where more than 10,000 Somali soldiers will be trained by Turkish officers.

Somalia has long been struggling against al-Shabaab militants, which recently carried out a terror attack and caused death of more than 300 people. After the attack, 35 injured Somalis, including three children, arrived for medical treatment in the Turkish capital of Ankara.

Despite militants having been driven out of Mogadishu in 2010, their deadly attacks remain one of the main obstacles to stability in the Horn of Africa country, which lies along one of the world’s busiest shipping routes.

Despite the U.N. having collected $55 billion dollars for Somalia between 1991 and 2011, noteworthy infrastructure projects were not carried out.

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Somali News

Somali PM Hassan Ali Khayre to visit Turkey

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Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khayre is set to visit Turkey on Wednesday and meet Somalis who are being treated there after being wounded in a massive truck bomb attack in Mogadishu last week.

At least 358 people were killed in the October 14 blast, in what was the deadliest single attack to ever hit Somalia’s capital.

Hundreds of others were also wounded in the devastating explosion, with many suffering severe burns.

A day after the attack, Somali officials said that Turkey had responded positively to a request for medical assistance.

Shortly after, Ankara sent medical supplies and an ambulance plane which airlifted 35 of the most badly wounded to Turkey for further treatment.

During his visit, which will last until Friday, Khayre is also scheduled to meet Binali Yildirim, his Turkish counterpart.

Analysts said the trip reaffirms the strong relations the two countries have enjoyed in recent years, at a time when Ankara seeks to assume a leading role and increase its foothold in the strategic Horn of Africa nation.

“Turkey has used its humanitarian foreign policy, a discourse widely used by Ankara in the past few years, as soft power in Somalia through aid and investments,” Galip Dalay, research director of Al Sharq Forum, told Al Jazeera.

‘Lucrative interests’

Last month, Turkey set up its biggest overseas military base in Mogadishu.

The camp cost $50m and will be used by Somali soldiers for training purposes, according to reports in state media.

But just as it seeks to strengthen its ties with Somalia and extend its reach as a regional power, Turkey is also eyeing further economic opportunities.

In recent years, it has offered aid and made a number of large investments, including the building of an airport terminal, hospitals, schools and other infrastructure.

The volume of trade, meanwhile, between the two countries was $118m last year, according to Bulent Tufenkci, Turkey’s minister of customs and trade.

Hamza Egal, a Nairobi-based Somalia analyst, said that Ankara “has been a strong ally in Somalia’s state building, but it also seeks mutually lucrative interests with the fragile state”.

“The strategic location of Somalia and its political impasse has made it an attractive location for foreign entities that have geopolitical interests in the region,” said Egal.

Coup bid reaction

Turkey’s pivot towards Somalia was signalled in 2011 when President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who was a prime minister at the time, visited the Horn of Africa country at a time when Somalis were experiencing one of the worst famines of the region.

Since then, Erdogan has travelled to Somalia two more times.

“Through the policies in the 2010s, Turkey put Somalia under international attention, a country that has gone through multiple humanitarian crises and a big armed conflict,” said Dalay.

In response to the Turkish help in the wake of the Mogadishu blast, Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo called Erdogan “his brother” and expressed his “heartfelt gratitude … for standing with us this tough time”.

“Turkey has been consistently supportive,” he said.

The close ties between Erdogan and Somalia’s leadership were also on display straight after a failed coup attempt in Turkey last year, blamed by Ankara on Fethullah Gulen, an exiled religious leader and businessman based in the United States.

Right after the coup bid, Somalia shut down two schools and one hospital owned by Gulen’s organisation and extradited suspects with alleged links to his group.

Ankara accuses Gulen of masterminding the coup attempt – an allegation he denies.

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