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Somalia pledges to review media law

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MOGADISHU, April 29 (Xinhua) — Somalia on Saturday promised to review the contentious media law which media practitioners say has harsh restrictions which could put many journalists out of a job.

Minister of Information, Abdirahman Omar Osman held a meeting with media leaders in Mogadishu where he discussed the importance of the Media Law and making it one that works with the satisfaction of all parties.

“I have listened to the concerns of the media leaders towards a number of articles in the Media Law and promised them that these articles will be reviewed as soon as possible in order to make them more agreeable,” Osman said in a statement issued in Mogadishu.
“The Media Law is already in effect as it had been signed by former president of Somalia in January, 2016. We now give consideration to the proposed amendment by the Media,” he added.

The journalists say the law introduces strict media restrictions and heavy fines on media workers. The regulations fail to take into account the years of experience a journalist may have on reporting on Somalia’s complicated clan-based and religious violence.

According to article 7 of the bill, all media houses including newspapers must register at the ministry of information and pay an unspecified annual license fee to get a licence from the ministry.

It also stipulates that journalists must all have a university degree in journalism – and also pass a government test when they register with the media commission, which will soon be set up.

No universities offered journalism qualifications during the more than two decades of fighting since the Horn of Africa nation lacked a central government.

But Osman said the government will start consultations on the way forward in order to make the Media Law more compatible with Somalia situation and international media laws.

“However, we are committed to ensure cooperation with the media and the public and get their consent,” he added and urged the stakeholders to submit their recommendations to the ministry in order to hasten the review and amend the articles in dispute.

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IFJ expresses concerns over the escalation of attacks on media freedom in Somalia

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The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) is deeply concerned about the dangerous escalation of attacks on freedom of the media in Somalia after the authorities have tightened the noose on freedom of expression following imprisonment and reckless attacks on journalists during the past week.

On 4 January 2018, Ahmed Yusuf Suleman, reporter of Horn Cable Television, survived an attempted murder, after men armed with pistols who are believed to be plainclothes security officials fired four shots towards him, chased and caught him, and pointed a pistol at his head. The police reportedly intervened to release the journalist from the plainclothes officials though Suleman sustained wounds on both hands, legs, shoulders and hips.

On 7 January 2018, journalists Ahmed Dirie Iltire and Mohamed Abdullahi Hussein of Opens external link in new windowxeegonews.com were accused by Somaliland prosecutors in Borame in the Awdal region and sentenced to 2 years in prison. The prosecutors indicted the two journalists for “spreading propaganda against the nation, degrading the nation, and disgracing national flag and symbol of a foreign country”.

“We condemn this brazen assault on journalists in the strongest possible terms”, said IFJ General Secretary, Anthony Bellanger. “Gun touting men cannot be allowed to commit violence and cause bodily harm with impunity in Somalia. The Somali Government must demonstrate the required political will and show full commitment in its fight against impunity.”

The IFJ is deeply troubled about the continued imprisonment of journalists in Somaliland for expressing their right to freedom of expression. “The last few months have seen a sharp escalation in attacks by the Somaliland authorities through the judiciary on journalists and the media in general in a bid to silence dissent. This is a chilling setback for freedom of expression in Somaliland,” said Bellanger.

The IFJ reiterates its support to its Somalia affiliate, the National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ), for its adamant stance to defend media freedom and journalists’ rights in the face of renewed and unwarranted attacks against Somali journalists and their union which is engineered by the Ministry of Information of Somali government. “Somali leaders must not allow perpetrators of these attacks go unpunished,” added Bellanger.

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Media Group: 81 Reporters Died, Threats Soared in 2017

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At least 81 reporters were killed doing their jobs this year, while violence and harassment against media staff has skyrocketed, the world’s biggest journalists’ organization says.

In its annual “Kill Report,” seen by The Associated Press, the International Federation of Journalists said the reporters lost their lives in targeted killings, car bomb attacks and crossfire incidents around the world.

More than 250 journalists were in prison in 2017.

The number of deaths as of December 29 was the lowest in a decade, down from 93 in 2016. The largest number were killed in Mexico, but many also died in conflict zones in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria.

The IFJ suspected but could not officially confirm that at least one other journalist was killed Thursday in an attack by an Islamic State suicide bomber on a Shiite cultural center in Kabul, in which at least 41 people died.

IFJ President Philippe Leruth said that while the drop in deaths “represents a downward trend, the levels of violence in journalism remain unacceptably high.”
He said the IFJ finds it “most disturbing that this decrease cannot be linked to any measure by governments to tackle the impunity for these crimes.”

Eight women journalists were killed, two in European democracies – Kim Wall in Denmark, who died on the submarine of an inventor she was writing about, and Maltese investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia who was blown up by a bomb placed in her car.

Beyond the deaths, the IFJ warned that “unprecedented numbers of journalists were jailed, forced to flee, that self-censorship was widespread and that impunity for the killings, harassment, attacks and threats against independent journalism was running at epidemic levels.”

Turkey, where official pressure on the media has been ramped up since a failed coup attempt in July 2016, is becoming notorious for putting reporters behind bars. Some 160 journalists are jailed in Turkey – two-thirds of the global total – the report said.

The organization also expressed concern about India, the world’s largest democracy, where it said that attacks on journalists are being motivated by violent populism.

Countries with the highest numbers of media killings:

Mexico: 13

Afghanistan: 11

Iraq: 11

Syria: 10

India: 6

Philippines: 4

Pakistan: 4

Nigeria: 3

Somalia: 3

Honduras: 3

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UNESCO Calls for Investigation Into Death of Journalist in Somalia

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SPUTNIK — UNESCO condemned the recent killing of journalist Mohamed Ibrahim Gabow in Somali and has called for an investigation into his death, the United Nations agency’s Director-General Audrey Azoulay said in a statement on Thursday.

“I condemn the killing of Mohamed Ibrahim Gabow,” Azoulay said. “I call on the Somali authorities to spare no effort in bringing to trial those responsible for this attack on the human rights of freedom of expression and freedom of information.”

Gabow, a television presenter for the Mogadishu-based Kalsan TV, was killed on December 11 in the Somali capital when a bomb planted in his car detonated, according to local media reports.

Somalia has been engulfed in violence since the eruption of a civil war between clan-based armed factions in the early 1990s. Al-Shabab, an affiliate of the Al-Qaeda terror network, has been staging numerous attacks in the country in an attempt to implement strict Sharia law.

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