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Financially strained, Qatar’s clout in Africa diminishes



Cairo: Nearly four months on, the Gulf crisis is reshaping alliances in Africa and placing pressure on wavering countries in the continent, analysts have said.

In June, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt severed diplomatic ties and transportation links with Qatar over the country’s support for terrorism and Iran.

Backing the Saudi-led bloc, several African countries have cut off or downgraded their diplomatic links with Qatar, which has wielded influence in the continent since the 1990s.

With Qatar branded as a patron of militant groups, Mauritania, Chad and Niger, which have long suffered from terrorism, have recalled their ambassadors from Doha.

Sponsoring radical groups

Libya, Egypt’s troubled neighbour, has repeatedly accused Qatar of sponsoring radical groups on its territory.

With the Qatari economy increasingly hit by the dispute, Doha’s financial clout in Africa is diminished, according to Khalid Hanafi, a political analyst.
“Signs showing Doha’s shrinking influence in Africa comes in geopolitical terms to the benefit of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the Emirates and Bahrain, who, with the exception of Bahrain, are closely linked with the continent’s countries,” Hanafi wrote in the Arabic-language newspaper Al Arab.

“This should prompt the three countries to expand political, security and economic partnerships in order to curb attempts by Iran and Turkey to take advantage of the Qatari shrinkage to fill the vacuum in Africa.”
Balance loyalties

Some African countries have struggled to balance loyalties during the standoff. While Sudan has historically enjoyed strong ties with Saudi Arabia, especially after Khartoum broke off diplomatic relations with Iran in solidarity with Saudi Arabia in 2014, Qatar has thrown lots of money at Khartoum.

“Sudan has obtained Saudi financial aid in return for sending the troops to Yemen. But ties between the two countries have recently become cold over Khartoum’s neutral position in the Gulf crisis,” Raslan told Gulf News.

“Sudan wants to maintain normal links with both Saudis and Qataris at the same time. This is becoming difficult as the crisis is dragging on without a solution.”

Energy-rich Qatar has been a key financial backer of Sudan since its southern part became independent in 2014.

Qatari investments in North Sudan are expected to reach 3 billion dollars by the end of this year.

In 2011, Qatar brokered a peace deal between Khartoum and rebels in the western province of Darfur.

Fallout from the ongoing Gulf spat has already hit Djibouti, Eritrea and Ethiopia in the Horn of Africa region.
Days after the eruption of the dispute, Qatar withdrew its peacekeeping forces from a disputed border area between Eritrea and Djibouti.

The move came after Djibouti downgraded its links with Doha.
Eritrea has taken the Saudi side.

Tensions between Eritrea and Djibouti

The Qatari troop pullout has reignited tensions between Eritrea and Djibouti, with the latter accusing the former of seizing the disputed area.
The flare-up has raised worries in Ethiopia, which has long-standing hostilities with neighbouring Eritrea.

Eritrea has strong links with Saudi Arabia and the UAE, which have used the Eritrean port of Assab as a base for their campaign against rebels in Yemen.

Somalia, a strife-torn Horn of Africa country, has been sucked into the Gulf standoff, according to Raslan.
Mogadishu has been reluctant to take sides while the breakaway Somaliland Republic has announced backing for the anti-Qatar alliance.

“The Somali government is ineffective, but it does not want to lose Saudi Arabia and the Emirates,” Raslan said. “Mogadishu is also receiving aid from Turkey.”

Ankara has supported Qatar in the current Gulf crisis and dispatched military forces to Doha.

Days after the start of the row, Qatar sent its Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Sultan Bin Sa’ad, on an Africa tour that took him to Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia.

“Prolongation of the crisis means more pressure on the African countries that are still neutral to choose between their interests with Qatar and those with the Arab Quartet,” Raslan argued.

Somali News

Somalia’s budget meets IMF terms, official says



REUTERS — The budget approved by Somalia’s parliament this week is in line with fiscal reforms the government committed to when it entered an International Monetary Fund programme in May, an IMF official told Reuters.

Somalia is now on its second 12-month IMF staff-monitored programme after decades of war and turmoil, and adherence to the IMF’s fiscal framework opens the door for grants and concessional funding from international financial institutions.

The $274 million budget approved on Wednesday includes measures expected to boost domestic revenue collection by $20-$25 million.

They include the introduction of sales and corporate income taxes for telecommunications and the removal of income tax exemption for lawmakers, said Mohammed Elhage, who leads the IMF’s Somalia work.

“These are very important signals.”

He said that during a September visit, the IMF had been disappointed by progress by the government, which took office after elections in February.

“From September until now, we see a strong commitment to reform. The authorities are more engaged on what needs to be done.”

The budget sees the state collecting about $156 million in domestic revenue and about $118 million in grants.

The Horn of Africa nation is recovering from decades of war, and al Shabaab Islamist militants remain a threat.

The new budget is still dwarfed by contributions from donors, who last year spent about $1.5 billion on food aid, health and sanitation.

Observers say putting a proper budget into place and having parliament pass it is an important step.

“If the IMF gives the thumbs-up, that tells you that the government is starting to deliver on revenue collection,” said a Western diplomat. “If they can get debt relief, that is the pot of gold at the end of the rainbow.”

Credit from the IMF would offer the central government leverage over the federal member states, the diplomat added.

The states are at odds with Mogadishu over a range of issues, including the crisis between Qatar and other Gulf states.

Somalia’s external debt is about $5.2 billion, according to the IMF. It has not made a service or amortisation payment since civil war broke out more than 25 years ago.

The IMF said this week that economic growth is set to quicken to 2.5 percent in 2018 from 1.8 percent this year, when drought and security issues kept it below the IMF’s forecast of 2.5 percent.

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Briefing Room

US orders new probe on alleged massacre in Somalia



DAILY NATION — The head of the US Africa Command on Thursday ordered a new investigation of claims that US troops massacred 10 civilians in an August raid on a farm in central Somalia.

The move by Africom Commander Gen Thomas Waldhauser follows media reports that children were among those killed in an attack based on faulty intelligence.

“Gen Waldhauser referred the matter to the Naval Criminal Investigative Service to ensure a full exploration of the facts given the gravity of the allegations,” Africom said in a statement.

It added that “Africom takes all allegations of misconduct seriously and will leverage the expertise of appropriate organisations to ensure such allegations are fully and impartially investigated.”

Africom had said soon after the August 25 raid that all the dead were “armed enemy combatants.”

A pair of recent reports in the Daily Beast, a New York-based online news site, cited accounts by eyewitnesses and Somali officials of unprovoked killings of farmers in the US raid carried out in conjunction with Somali soldiers.

“These local farmers were attacked by foreign troops while looking after their crops,” Ali Nur Mohamed, deputy governor of the Lower Shabelle region where the attack occurred, had earlier told reporters in Mogadishu.

“The troops could have arrested them because they were unarmed but instead shot them one by one mercilessly,” Mr Mohamed added as 10 corpses were displayed in the Somali capital soon after the raid.

Africom’s acknowledgment that further investigation is warranted comes at a time of growing and shifting US involvement in the war against Al-Shabaab.


Defence Department officials have presented President Trump with a plan for less restrictive US military operations in Somalia during the next two years, the New York Times reported on December 10.

The proposed initiative would give greater discretion to US field commanders in launching strikes and rescind the State Department’s ability to pause offensive military operations in response to perceived problems, the Times said.

US forces have carried out about 30 airstrikes so far this year in Somalia — twice as many as in 2016. More than 500 US soldiers have also been dispatched to Somalia to assist in the fight against Shabaab.

Conversely, Washington is simultaneously suspending food and fuel payments to most units of the Somalia National Army (SNA) due to concerns over rampant corruption, Reuters reported on Thursday.

Only those SNA units mentored by US instructors will continue to receive the stipends, the report said.

“Documents sent from the US Mission to Somalia to the Somali government show US officials are increasingly frustrated that the military is unable to account for its aid,” Reuters said.

“The documents paint a stark picture of a military hollowed out by corruption, unable to feed, pay or arm its soldiers — despite hundreds of millions of dollars of support.”


A team of US and Somali officials who visited nine SNA bases earlier this year reported that expected consignments of food aid could not be found, Reuters revealed. The best-staffed base visited by the team had 160 SNA soldiers present out of a total officially listed at 550. Only 60 of the soldiers had weapons, Reuters said.

“The SNA is a fragile force with extremely weak command and control,” said an earlier leaked assessment by the African Union, United Nations and Somali government. “They are incapable of conducting effective operations or sustaining themselves.”

Kenyan forces have also been cited for allegedly failing to carry out assigned duties in Somalia.

A report last month by UN monitors charged that Kenyan troops operating under African Union command have failed to assist authorities in blocking illicit charcoal exports that are said to earn al-Shabaab at least $10 million a year.

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Briefing Room

Somalia Inaugurated a President, Dealt With Terrorism & Reeled From Drought in 2017



In 2017, Somalia elected a new president as it battled severe drought and a resurgent al-Shabab. In October, the worst terror attack in the country’s history killed more than 500 people. Meanwhile, the U.S. military is ramping up its military operations as the African Union draws down its 10-year-old peacekeeping mission. From Nairobi, Jill Craig has more.

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